The Kenya Forest Service is a government agency responsible for the management and conservation of forests in Kenya, as outlined by the Forest Act of 2005. This agency replaced the former Forest Department and is governed by the Board of the Kenya Forest Service. In the past, the Forest Department was underfunded due to its reliance on forest revenues, however, the 2005 Forest Act has helped to provide more resources for forest conservation. For example, the creation of funds such as the Water Towers Conservation Fund and the Mau Rehabilitation Trust Fund has provided additional funding for forest rehabilitation and conservation efforts. As of 2003, Kenya had 1.57 million hectares of gazetted forest under the jurisdiction of the Kenya Forest Service.