Nairobi City County is one of the 47 counties in the Republic of Kenya that were established under the constitution of Kenya 2010. The County is the successor of the defunct City Council of Nairobi, and operates under the County Governments Act and a host of other statutes.
The County is situated at 1°17′South 36°49′ East in South-Central Kenya, 140 Kilometres (87 miles) south of the Equator. It is surrounded by 113 km² (70 mi²) of plains, cliffs and forest that makes up the city’s Nairobi National Park. It is adjacent to the eastern edge of the Rift Valley, and to the west of the city, are The Ngong Hills. Mount Kenya is situated north of Nairobi, and Mount Kilimanjaro is towards the south-east.
It is the most populous city in East Africa, with a current estimated population of about 3.5 million. This makes it the 14th largest city in Africa. Being Kenya’s capital and the arrival point for many visitors, it is well served by international airlines, and a regional road network linking it to other major East African urban centres. Railways link Nairobi to Mombasa, Kenya’s second largest city located on the shores of the Indian Ocean and Kisumu, the third largest city, located on the shores of Lake Victoria.
The Nairobi City County Government is charged with the responsibility of providing a variety of services to residents within its area of jurisdiction. These include functions that have been devolved under part two of the fourth Schedule of the Constitution.
The county is composed of 17 Administrative Sub-Counties consisting of 85 Wards. The Sub-Counties are Westlands, Dagoretti North, Dagoretti South, Langata, Kibra, Roysambu, Kasarani, Ruaraka, Embakasi South, Embakasi North, Embakasi Central, Embakasi East, Embakasi West, Makadara, Kamukunji, Starehe and Mathare. The County has a total of 123 Members of County Assembly (MCAs) – 85 elected and 38 nominated in accordance with Article 177 (b) of the Constitution